18 Sep

Innovacion y sus motivaciones

Innovacion y sus motivaciones

La innovacion no es un concepto de generación espontánea, la innovacion tiene una fuente inspiradora y esa fuente existe en cualquier tipo de persona en cualquier rincón del planeta, en esta ocasión   me voy a permitir plantear este concepto con tres personajes con entornos totalmente diferentes y ubicados en diversos puntos del planeta, Steve Jobs,  Md Saidullah y Agustin.

 

Steve Jobs, nacido en San Francisco california fue indudablemente la persona de mayor potencial de innovacion en el nuevo milenio, iniciando con computadoras personales hasta sus recientes iMac, iPod, iPhone y finalmente su iPad. En su biografía Walter Issacson hace referencia del deseo de Steve de Cambiar al mundo, de hecho quiso cambiar el mundo en la manera de escuchar música a través de los conceptos de iPod y iTunes, así como cambiar el mundo en la manera de comunicarse con otros a través de su iPhone, en general la fuerza inspiradora de Jobs fue su firme convicción de cambiar al mundo y esa semilla encontró tierra fértil en el Silicon Valley de california desde finales de los setentas.

 

Mohammed Saidullah, residente de Motihari, Bihar, India, es un sujeto de estudio del concepto de Gandhasian Engineering, tratando de castellanizarlo sería algo como la ingeniería a la Gandhi, es un concepto que tiene que ver con la creatividad e innovacion del pueblo para el pueblo, en este caso Mohammed Saidullah es el creador de una bicicleta anfibio, la cual creo por la necesidad al no tener para pagar por un lugar en la lancha que atraviesa un rio para llegar a su hogar, determinado creo su bicicleta anfibio, su determinación logro esta innovacion que lo llevo a ganar el “National Innovation Foundation’s” (NIF) entregado por el mismo presidente de la India, aunque al parecer este reconocimiento no se ha transformado en un éxito económico, Mohamed no se ha dado por vencido y continua innovando en fuentes alternativas de transporte para sus iguales en pobreza.

Agustin, residente de Siguatepeque, Honduras. En un personaje recientemente traído a la luz atreves del documental «Everything is Incredible»  realizado por Tayler Bastian, con pocos detalles podemos ver a Agustin un zapatero de oficio atacado por poliomielitis, que al parecer desde niño, se propuso a construir un helicóptero, su idea lo ha llevado a desarrollar, en los últimos cincuenta años,  a lo que él llama su “caricatura de helicóptero” sin embargo en un punto de catarsis al observar este magnífico documental, puedes llegar a imaginar a Agustin como la versión desventurada de un Leonardo Da Vinci quien imagina un artefacto volador que eventualmente se convirtiera en el helicóptero de Agustin, quien en su determinación pretende llevarlo a surcar los cielos. 

En el caso de Mohamed y Agustin específicamente nos lleva a reflexionar que la creatividad y la innovacion no es necesariamente un vínculo para lograr el éxito y riqueza, sino que tiene un propósito más noble que alguien denomina “creatividad que conquista la pobreza y la soledad” a través de una “inspiración que va más allá de los recursos disponibles” en el caso totalmente opuesto de Steve Jobs quien sin pedirlo le llegaban recursos a manos llenas como los que le otorgo Ross Perot para desarrollar la fallida compañía NEXT, estos personajes en medio de la penuria de su entorno trascienden ante una sociedad inmune al sufrimiento de los demás, pero que su noble determinación a “cambiar su suerte” los llevara indudablemente a cumplir sus propósitos.

¿Conoces a alguien como Mohamed y Agustin? ¿Piensas que la innovacion es más que un medio de reconocimiento o riqueza? Haznos saber tus comentarios son de gran importancia para nosotros.

 

Referencias:

1)      Issacson, Walter “Steve Jobs” Simon & Schunters USA 2010.

2)      Tewary, Amarnath & Bihar, Motihari “Indian Inventor Who Lives in Penury” http://www.nif.org.in/nifnews/BBC_NEWS_Indian_inventor.html  London, 2008. Recovered September 17, 2012

3)      Bastian, Tyler. “Everything is Incredible” http://www.indiegogo.com/everythingisincredible    USA, 2012. Recovered September 17, 2012.

11 Sep

Wire bonding Change from Au to Cu and Current Flaws

 

Wire bonding change from Au to Cu and Current Flaws

Cost saving has reached gold wire bonding, there is a global trend on reduce IC’s cost by the conversion of gold wire to copper wire, this started five to six years ago as the most important cost cut on IC’s manufacturing.  In general suppliers have been called this change a “Simple One”, on paper it may be but it has turned not to be a “Simple One”.

Gold ball wire bonding in being a reliable IC interconnection for the last 40 years, all this years has turned on a lot of global knowledge on how to produce reliable bonds and how to control the process, however precious metals are lately in the turmoil of cost increase, global economy become volatile turning gold as an alternative investment when currency exchange experience ups and downs, all this made IC’s suppliers accelerate decision of wire conversion to copper due to precious metals prices are not stable.

Copper is a very obvious option because is cheaper than gold and has superior electrical properties, copper wire is about 10% to 20% of the gold wire cost. However copper is very prone to oxidation, since ball bonds surface is usually heated up to reduce ultrasonic energy to produce reliable bonds without causing cratering then the problem is even worse. The introduction of inert gas atmosphere during ball formation and during wire bonding came up as solution against  copper oxidation phenomenon.

Suppliers are selling the change to customers by converting their machines from gold ball bonders to copper ball bonders with a conversion kit consist in a nozzle that injects inert gas prevents oxidation during ball formation (EFO). Almost every ball bonder supplier has conversion kits then bonds can be safely produced on an inert atmosphere preventing oxidation and allowing reliable bonds. So then what is the flaw?

The flaw may be on the strategy to introduce the change, a flawless change introduction may include but no limited to the following steps:

1)      Parameters optimization: Copper wire is harder than gold, harder material requires more ultrasonic energy to make the wire plastic and produce reliable bonding, then the thermo-sonic system requires a thorough process optimization that most follow a structured statistical analysis of the results, DOE is the most common tool.

2)      Product validation. Parameters optimization has to produce quality bonds that will pass thermal and vibratory profiles checks to have a higher likelihood interconnection will survive customer requirements.

3)      Process validation. Finally bonding process must be kept on a tight process control to ensure long time product reliability.

Gold wire bonding is being on the marked since 70’s, then there is more that forty years of known good process and materials for a reliable Gold ball bond interconnection, meaning copper ball bonding starts from scratch resulting in a lot of unknowns engineers must figure out. The suggested items are minimum requirements for a flawless launch, not follow a similar approach is asking for troubles, because the change was not a “piece of cake” as we were told at the end.

Are you aware of any other key element on wire bonding conversion to copper wire? Are you planning to change soon? Let us know your experiences.

References:

  1. Siliconfareast.com “Copper Wire bonding” http://www.siliconfareast.com/wirebond-copper.htm USA 2005. Recovered Sempetember 2012.
  2. Cupido, Luis “Wire Bonding (For Microwave and Millimeter-Wave, on a low budget)”  http://www.qsl.net/ct1dmk/articles.html Recovered September 2012.
  3. Harman, George “Wirebonding on Microelectronics” International Sociaty for Hybrid Mecroelectronics. United States 1991.
04 Sep

Innovation Glimpse on Smart Phones

Innovation Glimpse on Smart Phones

What is coming on phones innovation? How phones will look like on one hundred years? It is difficult to know but this is part of the gradual development of ideas that shapes products either by incremental innovation or disruptive innovation ways.

Genrich Altshuller has two concepts that help on the innovation of products:

1)      Increasing the degree of Ideality and

2)      The law of technical evolution

Increasing the degree of ideality concept, phone design speaking started with the complexity of connecting others, the phones turned from old manual switch boards to modern connection servers that interconnect others flawless no matter where you are, must of the time. Other degree of ideality may be the dialing, it passed from the endless time to dial a number to the actual digital dials or voice recognition, and finally but not last the most dramatic change on phones was mobility turning the phones from fixed home phones to mobile phones, well known as cell phones, this is the flavor of how degree of ideality works.

The other concept of law of technical evolution comes on other different innovative strategies, such as:

1)      Life cycle of technical system

2)      Dynamization

3)      Transition to bi to poly system

4)      Uneven development of system

5)      Synchronization

6)      Scaling up or down

7)      Transition from macro to micro level

8)      Replacement of humans

Phones design is still shaped by Altshuller low of technical evolution, the sin qua none of phone design is the life of technical system, where endless design cycles are defined by introduction of features that cycles the design until a new one comes up, and actual example is the rapid market penetration of smart phone on the market once that Blackberry step into with this innovation, and recently Apple and Samsung dispute the supremacy.

Where the phone design ends up? Short term there is an ambitious concept called Google Glass that trays to pack the entire smart phone capabilities into glasses either for sun protection or prescription, it may take few years to figure out if technology is ready for this kind of miniaturization. Finally but not last new Total Recall movie gives us a glimpse of future phone designs, where Collin Farrell and Kate Beckinsale unveils phones under our hand skin, when we would have such phones? We should ask Ray Kurzweil, but the movie gives an idea, where we see no Lincoln, Washington or Franklin on the future currency but Obama, meaning potentially 200 years from now where the movie takes place on the future.

Are you aware of another glimpse of future innovation on phone designs?  Where you aware of increasing ideality and law of technical evolution concepts? Let us know, your opinion is always welcome.

References:

  1. Panetta, Kasey “Is Google Glass too ambitious?” http://www.ecnmag.com/articles/2012/05/google-glass-too-ambitious?et_cid=2677765&et_rid=45566053&linkid=http%3a%2f%2fwww.ecnmag.com%2farticles%2f2012%2f05%2fgoogle-glass-too-ambitious USA May 2012. Recuperado June 2012.
  2. ECN, “Smartphones see accelerated rise to dominance” http://www.ecnmag.com/news/2012/08/smartphones-see-accelerated-rise-dominance?et_cid=2825296&et_rid=45566053&linkid=http%3a%2f%2fwww.ecnmag.com%2fnews%2f2012%2f08%2fsmartphones-see-accelerated-rise-dominance USA August 30th 2012. Recovered September 3rd.
  3. Altshuller Genrich, The Innovation Algorithm. TRIZ systemic innovation and technical creativity. Technical Innovation Center, Inc USA 2005.

 

29 Ago

Innovation by helping others to innovate

Innovation by helping others to innovate

Nobody can argue that an innovative idea can be successful if this idea is used by others, this is the customer traction called by Bill Buxton on his “Long Nose of Innovation”.  Recently it got my attention a tweet  from Amy Wilkinson, Harvard Senior Fellow and author on entrepreneurial leadership, that quoted Brian Tracy “Successful people are always looking for opportunities to help others” Well this quote fits the innovator dilemma on being successful, holding this idea on mind let me elaborate:

When an idea comes and becomes a tangible object, technology or service it has to be useful to somebody else to complete the cycle of an innovative idea, innovation stands for something new that has a value to others, well we need to help others to use our ideas then the Long Nose of Innovation (Bill Buxton) is completed and then is when an idea becomes an innovation.

In the automotive electronics industry we need to look for assembly solutions for our microelectronics products, we start with assembly concepts that become assembly stations, those concepts becomes an build of process for our specific application, then we try to make sure our build of process becomes an standard across our product lines, this concept make us competitive, because we are disseminating concepts full fill our five start challenge:

1)      Stable. Application is a proved solution and is a repeatable process.

2)      Flexible. Application can be easily modified to embrace similar products.

3)      Error Proof. Station ensure the process is completed before leaves the station using simple error proof strategies.

4)      Cycle time effective. Application has short cycle time, or its low cost allows meet cycle time with multiple cells. 

5)      Low cost. Application is a low cost if comperes with full automatic applications.

 At the end the innovator has to look for ways to advertise his idea and make sure is adopted as a stable and flexible solution at a very competitive cost, so that we innovate helping others to innovate then our ideas become a commercial or business success.

Do you have an experience like this? Please let us know your success histories, they are always welcome.

 

References

  1. Buxton, Bill. “The Long Nose of Innovation”  http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2008-01-02/the-long-nose-of-innovationbusinessweek-business-news-stock-market-and-financial-advice  January 2008 USA, recovered August 2012.
  2. Marin, Mario. “Five Star Challenge” November 2008. Delphi Automotive Systems. USA.
23 Ago

Close the loop

Close the loop

At some point of time we are asked to complete a task, either home (Honey’s do list) or at our job. In our job we are asked to complete something related to our areas of competency, they can be problems to solve related quality, equipment performance, equipment malfunctions, cost reduction, cycle time reductions, safety or elimination of waste. These areas of opportunity are generally pinpointed by someone and delegated to somebody, and they are expected to be completed or followed up, worse case delegated to somebody else, whatever is the case they must be completed, not forgot neither ignored. This process by control systems analogy is called “Close the Loop”

Our ability to close the loop can make a difference between a trusted employee and employee who is not trusted, because sometime those tasks can be critical for those who identify them, due to normally those who work every day in the same area can develop “workplace blindness” and only be perceived by out siders, being safety issues the most critical.

Employees that are good at close the loop have the following characteristics:

  1. They are highly accountable; nobody doubts they will full fit their commitments.
  2. They are selected to complete critical task; nobody doubts they will be successful on complete them.
  3. They are very often recognized by their achievements.
  4. They always close their circles effectively, meaning they are not open again by asking feedback on their actions to close them.

Employees who are not good at closing the circle have the following characteristics:

  1. They are not accountable, meaning that we doubt on select them to complete a task, because we are afraid task won’t be completed.
  2. They are not trusted.
  3. Generally they are not object of recognition.
  4. They never make sure their actions were effective, normally they never come back because they are afraid become accountable by their actions.

The bottom line here is that we need to ensure we full fit our commitments, close the loop, because failing on doing so can drive on consequences on the perception of others to our performance. Failing on close the loop at home by no paying services, credits or taxes on time can drive on penalties losing money and trust. Failing on close the loop on our jobs may drive us to head the employee black list or those who are on development programs, ending on being let go to persuit other oportunities some place else.

How good are you to close the loop? Do you identify at your job people is good at close the loop and those who don’t? Let us know your opinion, it is important to us.

References:

  1. Marin, Mario “Cierra el Circulo” https://innovando.net/cierra-el-circulo/?preview=true&preview_id=266&preview_nonce=1588707199 February 2012 Mexico. Recovered August 2012.
  2. Bolander, Jarie “6 Steps to Closing The Loop” https://innovando.net/wp-admin/post.php?post=266&action=edit#wpseo_linkdex February 2010 USA. Recovered August 2012.
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